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This page is still in progress.

The science and research on the true impacts of animal agriculture is always growing. 

The statistics used in the film were based on the best information we had available while producing the film.

If you would like to send us updated stats/facts that we may not have seen in order to keep this page as up to date as possible, please contact us. 


 

NEW ZEALAND IS THE WORLD’S BIGGEST EXPORTER OF DAIRY

Leading exporters of milk worldwide in 2020

 

FONTERRA IS NEW ZEALAND’S LARGEST COMPANY

Year 2020 - Deloitte Top 200

 

FONTERRA IS A COOPERATIVE, OWNED BY OVER 10,000 FARMER SHAREHOLDERS

World Benchmarking Alliance - Fonterra

 

FONTERRA ACCOUNTS FOR NEARLY A THIRD OF ALL DAIRY EXPORTS WORLDWIDE

Milk it: How New Zealand’s dairy exports conquered the world

 

NEW ZEALAND DAIRY INDUSTRY EXPORTING 95% OF THEIR PRODUCT

About the NZ Dairy Industry

 

SCIENTISTS WARN THAT WE WOULD NEED AT LEAST 5 EARTHS BY 2050, IF EVERYONE ON THE PLANET WERE TO CONSUME AS MUCH DAIRY AND MEAT AS COUNTRIES SUCH AS THE UNITED STATES.

EAT-Lancet Commission on Healthy Diets from Sustainable Food Systems

United Nations: New Cooperation for Global Food Security

 

 

Environmental Impacts

 

THE DAIRY INDUSTRY IS THE COUNTRY’S BIGGEST CLIMATE EMITTER, EMITTING MORE GREENHOUSE GASES THAN THE ENTIRE TRANSPORT SECTOR

Environment Aotearoa 2019

Stats NZ - Environmental-economic accounts: 2019

Ministry for the Environment - New Zealand's Greenhouse Gas Inventory

 

THE DAIRY INDUSTRY IS ALSO THE BIGGEST WATER POLLUTER, AND A MAJOR STRESSOR FOR BIODIVERSITY AND SOIL HEALTH

Ministry for the Environment and Stats NZ 2018 Report – Our Land

 

Water

 

82% OF RIVER LENGTH IN PASTORAL FARMING AREAS ARE NOT SUITABLE FOR SWIMMING

Environment Aotearoa 2019 Summary - New Zealand’s Environmental Reporting Series (page 15)

 

NEW ZEALAND RIVERS CARRY POLLUTION ABOVE ACCEPTABLE LEVELS, WITH 95 PERCENT OF RIVERS IN PASTORAL AREAS CONTAMINATED.

Ministry for the Environment - Our Freshwater 2020 Report

New Zealand’s troubled waters

 

NEW ZEALAND’S DAIRY HERD PRODUCES OVER 150 MILLION LITRES OF NITROGEN-RICH URINE EVERY DAY

DairyNZ Farm Fact - Standing Dairy Cows Off Pasture

 

EACH COW HAS THE EQUIVALENT EFFLUENT FOOTPRINT OF 14 HUMANS

The Condition of Rural Water and Soil in the Waikato Region - Risks and Opportunities

Waikato Regional Council - Applying Effluent to Land

 

THE NATIONAL DAIRY HERD PRODUCES THE SAME AMOUNT OF EXCREMENT AS APPROXIMATELY 90 MILLION PEOPLE

Number of Dairy Cattle Livestock in New Zealand from 2010 to 2020

 

SINCE 1990, THE AMOUNT OF NITROGEN APPLIED TO NEW ZEALAND SOILS HAS INCREASED OVER 600%

Ministry for the Environment - Our Freshwater 2020 Report

Stats NZ Nitrogen and phosphorus in fertilisers – 2019

 

COW NUMBERS SURGED FROM 2.8 MILLION TO 3.9 MILLION FROM 1995 TO 2005

Stats NZ - Livestock Numbers

 

UP TO 800,000 NEW ZEALANDERS MAY HAVE INCREASED BOWEL CANCER RISK DUE TO NITRATES IN WATER

Radio New Zealand

Nitrate in Drinking Water and Colorectal Cancer Risk

 

“BLUE BABY SYNDROME” FROM NITRATE CONTAMINATION

Concerns raised over nitrates' effects on babies

Nitrate contamination in drinking water and adverse birth outcomes: emerging evidence is concerning for NZ

 

IT TAKES 1000 LITRES OF WATER TO PRODUCE ONLY 1 LITRE OF MILK

IT TAKES 4750 LITRES OF WATER TO PRODUCE 1 KG OF MILK POWDER

IT TAKES 5060 LITRES OF WATER TO PRODUCE 1KG OF CHEESE

The Water Footprint Network

 

LAST CALCULATED ANNUAL FIGURE FOR WATER CONSUMPTION BY THE DAIRY INDUSTRY WAS 4.8 BILLION CUBIC METRES OF WATER, WHICH IS 11 TIMES THE WATER USE OF THE HUMAN POPULATION.

Dairy farms using same amount of water as 60 million people

 

DAIRY COMPANY HAS RIGHTS TO TAKE MORE WATER FROM THE WAIKATO RIVER THAN AUCKLAND DRINKING WATER SUPPLIER

Wairakei Pastoral: The dairy company competing with Auckland for drinking water

 

RIVERS DRYING UP IN NEW ZEALAND DURING THE SUMMER SEASON, DUE TO BIG IRRIGATING DAIRY FARMS

Big Irrigation a blooming bad idea for NZ’s rivers

 

Soil

 

SEVERAL HUNDRED TONNES OF LIVESTOCK IN EACH HERD PRESSING DOWN ON THE SOILS OF AOTEAROA

The Cattle Site - Average weight of Holstein is 1500 pounds

2018-19 New Zealand Dairy Statistics - Average herd size 435 cows

 

DAIRY FARMING IS ASSOCIATED WITH SOIL COMPACTION, SOIL EROSION, SOIL CONTAMINATION AND DAMAGE TO SOIL STRUCTURE

Ministry for the Environment and Stats NZ 2018 Report – Our Land

 

NEW ZEALAND IS LOSING 192 MILLION TONS OF SOIL, ALMOST HALF IS FROM PASTURELANDS

StatsNZ – Our Land 2018 Report


Atmosphere

 

DAIRY INDUSTRY STATES THAT –

it is one of the most carbon efficient in the world

it is 30% - 50% more efficient than the global average

its milk product has a uniquely low-carbon footprint

New Zealand Milk Products (Fonterra)

Fonterra – Climate Change

 

AVERAGE GLOBAL CARBON FOOTPRINT OF DAIRYING COUNTRIES IS GREATLY SKEWED BY DEVELOPING NATIONS WHOSE CARBON FOOTPRINTS ARE MUCH HIGHER (IN DAIRY PRODUCTION)

FAO Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Dairy Sector - A Life Cycle Assessment

FAO Climate Change and the Global Dairy Cattle Sector

 

THE DAIRY INDUSTRY IS PRODUCING ALMOST ONE QUARTER OF NEW ZEALAND’S TOTAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS

Stats NZ - Environmental-economic accounts: 2019

 

EMISSIONS FROM COWS ON NEW ZEALAND DAIRY FARMS REACH RECORD LEVELS 

StatsNZ Greenhouse Gas Emissions – year ended 2019

 

“CARBON ZERO MILK” WHICH IS PRODUCED BY FONTERRA IS CURRENTLY LESS THAN 1% OF THEIR TOTAL MILK PRODUCTION

Fonterra's New Carbon Offset Milk a Band-Aid on Climate Change Goal

 

EMISSIONS FROM THE DAIRY INDUSTRY IN NEW ZEALAND HAVE ROCKETED BY 132% IN THE LAST 30 YEARS

New Zealand’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990–2018

 

IN 2013, FONTERRA BURNED 410,000 TONNES OF COAL, AND THE DAIRY INDUSTRY AS A WHOLE USED 512,811 TONNES OF COAL

Data from the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment in 2013

 

MORE RECENT DATA SHOWS THAT FONTERRA ALONE IS BURNING OVER 500,000 TONNES OF COAL PER YEAR

NZ Herald - Fonterra's Te Awamutu factory abandons coal

The Courier – No coal for Fonterra’s next boiler

 

GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL FOR METHANE IS BETWEEN 84-87 TIMES THE HEATING POTENTIAL OF C02, OVER A 20-YEAR TIMEFRAME

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Fifth Report, 2013

A Well-Fed World

 

GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL OF NITROUS OXIDE IS 298 TIMES THE HEATING POTENTIAL OF C02

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Fifth Report, 2013

 

COWS BURP APPROXIMATELY EVERY 90 SECONDS 

World Animal Protection: 1.41 trillion cow burps and 23.7 billion cowpats damaging the planet daily

 

GLOBALLY, COWS RELEASE 150 BILLION GALLONS OF METHANE, EVERY SINGLE DAY

World Animal Protection: 1.41 trillion cow burps and 23.7 billion cowpats damaging the planet daily

 

GRASS FED CATTLE PRODUCE 4 TIMES MORE METHANE THAN GRAIN-FED CATTLE

Direct Measurements of Methane Emissions from Grazing and Feedlot Cattle

 

PER CAPITA, NEW ZEALAND HAS THE LARGEST METHANE EMISSION RATE — 6X THE GLOBAL AVERAGE

Landcare Research – Climate Change & Greenhouse Gases

Our World in Data – GHG Per Capita Methane Emissions

 

ENTERIC EMISSIONS (COW BURPS AND COW FARTS) FROM NEW ZEALAND RUMINANTS ALONE ARE THE EQUIVALENT OF CO2 EMISSIONS FROM NEARLY 26 MILLION RETURN FLIGHTS FROM AUCKLAND TO SAMOA

The Green Protein Report: Meeting New Zealand’s Climate Change Targets by 2030 through Reduced Reliance on Animal Agriculture

 

ENTERIC EMISSIONS FROM NEW ZEALAND RUMINANTS ALONE ARE NEARLY 19 MEGATONS IN TOTAL

The Green Protein Report: Meeting New Zealand’s Climate Change Targets by 2030 through Reduced Reliance on Animal Agriculture

 

FONTERRA HAS THE GREATEST GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN NEW ZEALAND 

GRAIN: The 35 Largest Animal Agriculture Companies in the World

Stuff: NZ's biggest Greenhouse Gas Emitters and their Struggle to Pollute Less

 

FONTERRA FOUND TO BE MASSIVELY UNDERREPORTING THEIR EMISSIONS

IATP: Questions and Answers: Milking the Planet

Report “Milking the Planet” by the Institute of Agriculture & Trade Policy

 

FONTERRA’S EMISSIONS ESTIMATED TO BE OVER 44 MILLION TONNES OF GREENHOUSE GASES

Report “Milking the Planet” by the Institute of Agriculture & Trade Policy

IATP: Questions and Answers: Milking the Planet

 

FONTERRA WILL CONSUME MORE THAN 100% OF NEW ZEALAND’S TOTAL NATIONAL GHG EMISSIONS TARGET, IN THE COMING DECADE

The Climate Responsibilities of Industrial Meat & Dairy Producers

Table 1 - The 35 largest animal agriculture companies in the world, their emissions, along with the company’s current percentage of greenhouse gas emissions relative to their headquarter countries

 

FONTERRA PRODUCES MORE GREENHOUSE GASES THAN THE WHOLE OF SWEDEN, A COUNTRY WITH TWICE THE POPULATION OF AOTEAROA

Report “Milking the Planet” by the Institute of Agriculture & Trade Policy

Our World in Data - Sweden

 

ZERO CARBON BILL HAS A LOOPHOLE FOR METHANE FROM FARM ANIMALS – ONLY 10% REDUCTION OF METHANE EMISSIONS REQUIRED, BY 2030

NPR: New Zealand Commits to Being Carbon Neutral By 2050 — With A Big Loophole

 

FONTERRA HAVE PREDICTED A 40% INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION IN THE 10 YEARS FROM 2015-2025

Emissions Impossible: How Big Meat and Dairy are Heating Up the Planet

 

FONTERRA ARE FORECASTING NO REDUCTION AT ALL IN THEIR METHANE EMISSIONS

Fonterra: Embracing Sustainability - Our Commitments - Climate change

 

Deforestation

 

IMPORTS OF PKE INTO NEW ZEALAND BEGAN IN 1992 WITH 15 TONNES, BUT HAVE SINCE INCREASED SUBSTANTIALLY, TO 2 MILLION TONNES IN 2014

Greenpeace Report: The Carbon Cost of Palm Kernel Expeller

 

PALM KERNEL IS LINKED TO THE DESTRUCTION OF TROPICAL RAINFOREST, LOSS OF WILDLIFE, DISPLACEMENT OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES, AND CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN SOUTH EAST ASIA. 

Freshwater for Life: What is Wrong with Palm Kernel?

Greenpeace: Fonterra Implicated in Deforestation and Human Rights Abuses

Greenpeace International 2021: ‘License to Clear’

 

NEW ZEALAND IS THE WORLD’S BIGGEST IMPORTER OF PALM KERNEL EXPELLER

Greenpeace International 2021: ‘License to Clear’

 

NEW ZEALAND IMPORTS MORE PKE THAN THE 27 COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION COMBINED

Andrew Duncan: New Zealand Palm Oil

 

Biodiversity Loss

 

60% OF ALL MAMMALS ON EARTH ARE LIVESTOCK, 36% ARE HUMAN AND ONLY 4% ARE WILD ANIMALS

The Guardian: Humans just 0.01% of all life but have destroyed 83% of wild mammals

PNAS: The Biomass Distribution on Earth

 

NEW ZEALAND HAS WORLD’S HIGHEST PROPORTION OF SPECIES AT RISK

University of Wellington Article

Evaluating the Relative Environmental Impact of Countries

 

ALMOST TWO-THIRDS OF RARE ECOSYSTEMS IN NEW ZEALAND ARE THREATENED BY COLLAPSE

Environment Aotearoa 2019

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: New Zealand 2017

 

74% OF NATIVE FRESHWATER FISH IN NEW ZEALAND NOW THREATENED BY, OR AT RISK OF EXTINCTION

Environment Aotearoa 2019

Ministry of Environment Report: Our Freshwater 2020

 

 

Health Impacts

 

NEW ZEALANDERS HAVE ONE OF THE HIGHEST RATES OF DOMESTIC MILK CONSUMPTION IN THE WORLD.

Dairy Industry in New Zealand - Statistics & Facts

 

OBESITY RATES HAVE TRIPLED IN NEW ZEALAND IN THE LAST THREE DECADES

The Green Protein Report: Meeting New Zealand’s Climate Change Targets by 2030 through Reduced Reliance on Animal Agriculture

 

Is it normal?

 

HUMANS STARTED USING DOMESTICATED CATTLE FOR MILK BETWEEN 6000 AND 8000 YEARS AGO

Earliest Date for Milk Use in the Near East and South-eastern Europe Linked to Cattle Herding

 

MĀORI WERE SOME OF THE TALLEST, STRONGEST, FITTEST PEOPLE ON THE PLANET (WITHOUT DAIRY)

Story: Te hauora Māori i mua – history of Māori health

 

TODAY, MĀORI SUFFER FROM DISPROPORTIONATELY HIGHER RATES OF DIABETES, HEART DISEASE AND CANCERS

NZ Herald: Number of Kiwis with diabetes doubled in past 10 years

 

GLOBALLY, ABOUT 65% TO 70% OF ADULTS ARE LACTOSE INTOLERANT. 

LACTOSE INTOLERANCE VARIES WIDELY BETWEEN DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS:

95% OF ASIAN PEOPLE

75% OF AFRO-CARIBBEAN PEOPLE

50% OF MEDITERRANEAN PEOPLE

10% OF NORTHERN EUROPEAN PEOPLE

Country, Regional, And Global Estimates for Lactose Malabsorption In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis

White Lies – The Health Consequences of Consuming Cow’s Milk

Lactose Intolerance: Information for Health Care Providers (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)

Racial Bias in Federal Nutrition Policy: The Public Health Implications of Variations in Lactase Persistence

Lactase Non-persistence and Lactose Intolerance

National Institutes of Health - Definition & Facts for Lactose Intolerance

 

MĀORI AND PASIFIKA HAVE A HIGHER PREVALENCE OF LACTASE DEFICIENCY THAN NEW ZEALAND EUROPEANS

BPAC NZ: Lactose Intolerance

Incidence of Acquired Primary Hypolactasia in Three New Zealand Racial Groups

 

LACTOSE INTOLERANCE IS LEAST COMMON AMONG PEOPLE OF NORTHERN EUROPEAN ORIGIN

National Institute of Child Health & Human Development 


Is it natural?

 

HUMANS ARE THE ONLY MAMMAL TO CONTINUE DRINKING MILK THROUGHOUT OUR LIFETIMES

Why Are Humans the Only Species That Drinks Milk Past Infancy?

 

HUMAN BREAST MILK HAS THE LOWEST AMOUNT OF PROTEIN IN ANY MAMMAL’S MILK KNOWN TO SCIENCE

Gross Composition of Milk from Domesticated and Some Wild Mammals

 

COW’S MILK DOES NOT CLOSELY RESEMBLE HUMAN MILK, BEING 39% HIGHER IN SATURATED FATS, 190% HIGHER IN PROTEIN AND HAVING NEARLY 4 TIMES MORE CALCIUM THAN HUMAN MILK

How does Cow’s Milk and Human Milk Compare?

 

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE IS ONE OF THE BIGGEST THREATS TO GLOBAL HEALTH, FOOD SECURITY, AND DEVELOPMENT TODAY

World Health Organisation: Antibiotic Resistance

 

APPROXIMATELY A QUARTER OF ALL DAIRY COWS IN NEW ZEALAND ARE ROUTINELY TREATED WITH ANTIBIOTICS

Dairy NZ: Antibiotic Use on Dairy Farms

 

NEW ZEALAND DAIRY INDUSTRY GUIDELINES ALLOW FOR 1 LITRE OF MILK TO HAVE UP TO 400,000 PUS CELLS

Somatic Cell Count, an Indicator of Milk Quality

Fonterra Farmers’ Handbook 2016 / 2017

 

Is it necessary? 

 

DAIRY IS NOT BENEFICIAL TO HUMAN HEALTH AND MAY IN FACT BE ASSOCIATED WITH MANY OF OUR MOST COMMON DISEASES

Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine: Health Concerns About Dairy

Nutrition Facts.Org: Wary of Dairy

Nutrition Facts.Org: Topic: Dairy

 

CONTINUED CONSUMPTION OF ANY KIND OF MILK “MAY HAVE LONG-TERM ADVERSE EFFECTS ON HUMAN HEALTH.”

Diet in acne: further evidence for the role of nutrient signalling in acne pathogenesis

 

Children and Dairy

 

COW’S MILK ALLERGY (CMA) IS ONE OF THE MOST COMMON FOOD ALLERGIES FOUND IN CHILDREN

CMA CAN CAUSE RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS SUCH AS WHEEZING, COUGHING, SHORTNESS OF BREATH, RUNNY NOSE, AND GASTROINTESTINAL (GI) PROBLEMS

Epidemiology of Cow's Milk Allergy

Mayo Clinic: Milk Allergy

 

ONE OF THE MAJOR DIETARY CONTRIBUTORS OF CONGESTION AND NASAL INFLAMMATION IS DAIRY

Centre for Sinus Relief – Foods that Increase Inflammation

 

40% OF INFANTS WITH REFLUX CAN BE SUCCESSFULLY TREATED WITH COW’S MILK REMOVAL

Nutrition Facts.Org:  How to Treat Reflux in Children with Diet

 

MILK CONSUMPTION ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASED RESPIRATORY TRACT MUCUS PRODUCTION AND ASTHMA

Does Milk Increase Mucus Production?

Effect of a Dairy Diet on Nasopharyngeal Mucus Secretion

 

DAIRY CONSUMPTION HAS ALSO BEEN LINKED TO CHILDHOOD CONSTIPATION

Nutrition Facts.Org: Childhood Constipation & Cow’s Milk

Does Milk Cause Constipation? A Crossover Dietary Trial

Intolerance of cow's milk and chronic constipation in children

 

CASOMORPHIN FROM COW’S MILK IS SUSPECTED TO INCREASE THE RISK OF SIDS (SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME, OR CRIB DEATH)

Nutrition Facts.Org: Cow’s Milk Casomorphin & Crib Death

 

DAIRY CONSUMPTION HAS BEEN LINKED IN ADOLESCENCE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF ACNE

Diet in acne: further evidence for the role of nutrient signalling in acne pathogenesis

 

COW’S MILK MAY TRIGGER THE CHILDHOOD-ONSET OF TYPE 1 DIABETES

Nutrition Facts.Org: Does Casein in Milk Trigger Type 1 Diabetes?

 

ELEVATED CONCENTRATIONS OF CASOMORPHINS FROM COW’S MILK MAY CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AUTISM IN CHILDREN

Nutrition Facts.Org: Gluten-Free, Casein-Free Diets for Autism Put to the Test

 

ACNE IS ABSENT IN POPULATIONS WITH NO CONSUMPTION OF MILK OR DAIRY PRODUCTS

Diet in acne: further evidence for the role of nutrient signalling in acne pathogenesis

 

Adults and Dairy

 

COMMERCIAL COW’S MILK CONTAINS LARGE AMOUNTS OF PREGNANCY HORMONES, SUCH AS OESTROGENS AND PROGESTERONE 

Exposure to Exogenous Estrogen Through Intake of Commercial Milk Produced from Pregnant Cows

 

DAIRY PRODUCTS HAS BEEN LINKED TO HIGHER RISK FOR VARIOUS CANCERS, ESPECIALLY TO HORMONE SENSITIVE CANCERS OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

Hormones in Dairy Foods and Their Impact on Public Health

 

MULTIPLE STUDIES HAVE SHOWN THAT THE CONSUMPTION OF MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTS INCREASES THE RISK OF PROSTATE CANCER

Dairy Products, Calcium, and Prostate Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Of Cohort Studies

A Milk Protein, Casein, as a Proliferation Promoting Factor in Prostate Cancer Cells

Milk Consumption Is a Risk Factor for Prostate Cancer: Meta-Analysis of Case-Control Studies

Milk Consumption is a Risk Factor for Prostate Cancer in Western Countries: Evidence from Cohort Studies

PCRM: New Review Finds Dairy Products Linked to Prostate Cancer

PCRM: More Evidence That Milk Consumption Increases Risk for Prostate Cancer

 

70-FOLD VARIATION IN THE INCIDENCE OF PROSTATE CANCER WORLDWIDE, WITH LOW RATES IN PARTS OF ASIA AND AFRICA AND HIGH RATES IN NORTH AMERICA, AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, AND NORTHERN EUROPE

Nutrition Facts.Org: Wary of Dairy

 

CONTINUED DAIRY CONSUMPTION AFTER PROSTATE CANCER DIAGNOSIS CONFERS MUCH HIGHER OVERALL RISK OF MORTALITY

Dairy Intake After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis in Relation to Disease-Specific and Total Mortality

 

MĀORI MEN AT 70% INCREASED RISK OF DYING OF PROSTATE CANCER THAN NON-MĀORI MEN

Scoop: Māori Men are 72% More Likely to Die Of Prostate Cancer Once Diagnosed than their Non-Māori Counterparts

The Midlands Prostate Cancer Study: Understanding the Pathways of Care for Men with Localised Prostate Cancer in New Zealand

 

INTAKE OF DAIRY MILK WITH GREATER RISK OF BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN

New Study Associates Intake of Dairy Milk With Greater Risk Of Breast Cancer

 

WOMEN WHO DRANK 2-3 CUPS OF COW’S MILK PER DAY WERE ASSOCIATED WITH AN 80% INCREASED CHANCE OF BREAST cancer

Dairy, Soy, and Risk of Breast Cancer: Those Confounded Milks

 

WOMEN WHO DRANK 1 CUP OF COW’S MILK PER DAY WERE ASSOCIATED WITH AN 50% INCREASED CHANCE OF BREAST CANCER

Dairy, Soy, and Risk of Breast Cancer: Those Confounded Milks

 

WOMEN WHO DRANK ¼ TO 1/3 CUP OF COW’S MILK PER DAY WERE ASSOCIATED WITH AN 30% INCREASED CHANCE OF BREAST CANCER

Dairy, Soy, and Risk of Breast Cancer: Those Confounded Milks

 

WOMEN DIAGNOSED WITH BREAST CANCER CONSUMING 1 OR MORE SERVINGS OF HIGH-FAT DAIRY PRODUCTS (E.G., CHEESE, ICE CREAM, WHOLE MILK) DAILY HAD A 49% HIGHER BREAST CANCER MORTALITY 

High- and Low-Fat Dairy Intake, Recurrence, and Mortality After Breast Cancer Diagnosis

 

COUNTRIES WHICH CONSUME THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS OF CALCIUM FROM DAIRY ACTUALLY HAVE THE HIGHEST RATES OF HIP FRACTURES AND OSTEOPOROSIS

Milk Intake and Risk of Mortality and Fractures in Women and Men: Cohort Studies

Correlation Between Hip Fracture Rates per 100 000 and Dairy Consumption

Calcium intake and Risk of Fracture: Systematic Review

Milk Consumption During Teenage Years and Risk of Hip Fractures in Older Adults

 

MEDICAL EDUCATION IN NUTRITION ACROSS THE GLOBE IS DECIDEDLY LACKING

A Global Deficiency of Nutrition Education in Physician Training: The Low Hanging Fruit in Medicine Remains on the Vine

 

NATIONAL NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES ARE VETTED AND INFLUENCED BY THE ANIMAL AGRICULTURE INDUSTRIES 

Response to MILKED Request for Official Information from Ministry of Health Under the Official Information Act 1982

 

Zoonotic Disease

 

WHOOPING COUGH, TETANUS, POLIO, AIDS AND THE SEASONAL FLU THAT CIRCULATES EVERY WINTER, ALL CAME FROM ANIMALS. 

World Health Organisation Special Report:  Joint Consultation on Emerging Zoonotic Diseases

 

MEASLES EVOLVED IN AN ENVIRONMENT WHERE CATTLE AND HUMANS LIVED IN CLOSE PROXIMITY.

Origin of measles virus: divergence from rinderpest virus between the 11th and 12th centuries

 

NUMBER 1 RISK FACTOR FOR THE EMERGENCE OF ZOONOTIC DISEASES IS THE INCREASED DEMAND FOR ANIMAL PROTEIN

United Nations Environment Report: Preventing the next pandemic - Zoonotic diseases and how to break the chain of transmission

 

Social Impacts

 

POORLY MANAGED GOVERNMENT RESPONSE TO MYCOPLASMA BOVIS OUTBREAK INFLICTED SIGNIFICANT AND LASTING TRAUMA ON FARMERS 

Psychosocial Impact of Mycoplasma Bovis on Southern Farmers

 

62% OF DAIRY FARMERS SAID THEY, OR SOMEONE ON THEIR FARM, HAD EXPERIENCED MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS

DairyNZ : the View from the Cow Shed

 

LACTASE DEFICIENCY IS PRESENT IN UP TO 100% OF AMERICAN INDIANS AND ASIANS

Lactose Intolerance

 

821 MILLION PEOPLE (ROUGHLY 1 IN 9) CURRENTLY SUFFER FROM HUNGER

World Health Organisation - the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018

 

HUMAN-EDIBLE CROPS WE FEED TO ANIMALS CONTAIN ENOUGH CALORIES TO SUSTAIN ADDITIONAL 5 BILLION PEOPLE

Medium: We Already Grow Enough Crops to Feed an Extra 10 Billion People

Current Global Food Production is Sufficient to Meet Human Nutritional Needs in 2050 Provided there is Radical Societal Adaptation

 

FEEDING HALF THE WORLD’S GRAIN CROP TO ANIMALS RAISED FOR MEAT, EGGS, AND MILK INSTEAD OF DIRECTLY TO HUMANS IS A SIGNIFICANT WASTE OF NATURAL RESOURCES, INCLUDING FOSSIL FUELS, WATER, AND LAND

Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations

How Planting Crops Used to Feed Livestock is Contributing to Habitat Destruction

 

1 ACRE OF LAND CAN PRODUCE 15X MORE PROTEIN FROM PLANTS, THAN THE SAME AREA OF LAND USED FOR FARMING ANIMALS

2018 Report by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Land, Irrigation Water, Greenhouse Gas, And Reactive Nitrogen Burdens of Meat, Eggs, And Dairy Production

 

¾ OF THE EARTH’S AGRICULTURAL LAND TO RAISE LIVESTOCK, AND TO GROW FEED TO GIVE TO LIVESTOCK

Our World in Data – Global Land for Agriculture

 


Financial Impacts

 

DAIRY DEBT HAS GONE UP FROM $10 BILLION IN 2003 TO A DEBT OF AROUND $40 BILLION TODAY, WHICH IS A 400% INCREASE IN DEBT

NZ Herald: High dairy debt may curb ability to meet challenges ahead

 

RATIO OF NON-PERFORMING LOANS IN THE DAIRY SECTOR HAS DOUBLED OVER THE PAST THREE YEARS FROM 2016 TO 2019

Ministry of Primary Industries – Situation and Outlook for Primary Industries Dec 2019 Report

 

COSTS OF REPAIRING THE DAMAGE FROM DAIRY FARMING COULD BE AS HIGH AS $20 BILLION

Stuff: Mike Joy - The heavy price of our waterways pollution

New Zealand Dairy Farming: Milking Our Environment for All Its Worth

 

Impacts on the Animals

 

COWS ARE CURIOUS AND SENSITIVE BEINGS WHO NATURALLY LIVE IN SMALL HERDS, FORM CLOSE FRIENDSHIPS WITH OTHERS AND DEVELOP A SOCIAL HIERARCHY

SAFE for Animals: Cows

Viva: Dairy Cows

 

MILK PRODUCTION PER COW HAS MORE THAN DOUBLED IN THE LAST 40 YEARS

Selection for Increased Production and the Welfare Of Dairy Cows: are New Breeding Goals Needed?

 

IN 2020 MORE THAN 4 MILLION (DAIRY AND BEEF) COWS WERE SLAUGHTERED IN NEW ZEALAND

Ministry of Primary Industries - Bobby Calf Welfare Across the Supply Chain - Final Report

Scoop: Silence of the Calves: New Zealand’s Sacrifice at the Dairy Altar

 

IN 2020, 2 MILLION BOBBY CALVES WERE KILLED A WEEK AFTER BIRTH

1 News: NZ's dairy industry kills two million calves a year, but they don’t have to

Scoop: Silence of the Calves: New Zealand’s Sacrifice at the Dairy Altar

 

33,360 BOBBY CALVES KILLED EACH DAY IN NEW ZEALAND FROM MON - SAT IN AUGUST 2019

Scoop: 1.8 Million Reasons You Should Give Up Dairy

 

SHOCKING TREATMENT OF DAIRY COWS IN 2018 EXPOSÉ

Farmwatch Investigation

 


Disruption

 

“WE ARE ON THE CUSP OF THE FASTEST, DEEPEST, MOST CONSEQUENTIAL DISRUPTION OF AGRICULTURE IN HISTORY”

RethinkX Food and Agriculture Report

Food Navigator USA: By 2030, US dairy and cattle industries will have collapsed, as microbial protein factories take over

 

BY 2030, DEMAND FOR COW PRODUCTS WILL HAVE FALLEN BY 70%

RethinkX Food and Agriculture Report

 

MODERN ALTERNATIVES WILL BE UP TO 100 TIMES MORE LAND EFFICIENT, 10-25 TIMES MORE FEEDSTOCK EFFICIENT, 20 TIMES MORE TIME EFFICIENT, AND 10 TIMES MORE WATER EFFICIENT

RethinkX Food and Agriculture Report

 

INVESTMENT IN FERMENTATION COMPANIES AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL EVER – OVER $435 MILLION WAS INVESTED IN JUST THE FIRST HALF OF 2020

Tech Crunch: Alternative Protein Companies Have Raised a Whopping 1.5 billion

 

Solutions

 

REGENERATIVE AGRICULTURE

Rodale Institute is growing the regenerative organic movement through research, farmer training, and consumer education

 

CARBON STORAGE IN PASTURES CANNOT COMPENSATE FOR THE ANIMALS’ OWN CLIMATE IMPACTS, LET ALONE THOSE OF OUR INDUSTRIAL CIVILISATION

Food Climate Research Network at the University of Oxford – Grazed and Confused Report

Video: Grazed and Confused? How Much can Grazing Livestock Help to Mitigate Climate Change?

Science Daily: New Report gives the Lay of the Land on Grazing Livestock's Climate Impact

 

GROUNDBREAKING STUDY: AVOIDING MEAT AND DAIRY PRODUCTS IS THE SINGLE BIGGEST WAY TO REDUCE OUR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON THE PLANET

Reducing Food's Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers

 

1 KILOGRAM OF CHEESE CREATES 21 KILOGRAMS OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS, COMPARED WITH ABOUT 1 KILOGRAM OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM MOST VEGETABLES AND OTHER PLANT FOODS

Our World in Data: Food Choice vs Eating Local

 

OAT MILK USES 13 X LESS WATER, 11 X LESS LAND, AND CREATES 3.5 X LESS CARBON EMISSIONS THAN COW’S MILK

Climate Change: Which Vegan Milk is Best?

 

A VEGAN DIET WAS ESTIMATED TO BE OVER $730 CHEAPER PER YEAR THAN THE AVERAGE KIWI DIET

The Green Protein Report: Meeting New Zealand’s Climate Change Targets by 2030 through Reduced Reliance on Animal Agriculture

 

77% OF GLOBAL FARMING LAND IS DEDICATED TO PASTURES FOR GRAZING LIVESTOCK, AND LAND USED TO GROW CROPS TO FEED LIVESTOCK 

Our World in Data: Global Land for Agriculture

 

LIVESTOCK TAKES UP MOST OF THE WORLD’S AGRICULTURAL LAND BUT ONLY PRODUCES 18% OF THE WORLD’S CALORIES AND 37% OF TOTAL PROTEIN

Our World in Data: Global Land for Agriculture

 

PLANT-BASED FOODS TRANSPORTED FROM THE OTHER SIDE OF THE WORLD ARE MORE CARBON EFFICIENT THAN ANIMAL PRODUCTS

Our World in Data: Food Choice vs Eating Local

Our World in Data: Food – Greenhouse Gas Emissions Across the Food Chain

 

VEGAN DIETS SHOW A 53% REDUCTION IN CO2 EMISSIONS COMPARED TO OMNIVOROUS DIETS

The Green Protein Report: Meeting New Zealand’s Climate Change Targets by 2030 through Reduced Reliance on Animal Agriculture

 

WITHOUT A GLOBAL SHIFT TO A PLANT-BASED DIET, TODAY’S CHILDREN WILL INHERIT A PLANET THAT HAS BEEN SEVERELY DEGRADED 

EAT-Lancet Commission on Healthy Diets from Sustainable Food Systems

 

NEW ZEALAND HAS POTENTIAL FOR $80 BILLION FROM PLANT-BASED CROPS, COMPARED WITH ONLY $28 BILLION FROM ANIMAL AGRICULTURE

Opportunities in Plant Based Foods – Protein - The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd

 

PRIORITIZING PLANT-BASED FOODS HAS THE POTENTIAL TO PROVIDE DIET-RELATED EMISSIONS SAVINGS OF OVER 40%, ALONG WITH HEALTH CARE SAVINGS OF UP TO NZ$20 BILLION OVER OUR LIFETIME

Opportunities in Plant Based Foods – Protein - The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd

Healthy and Climate-Friendly Eating Patterns in the New Zealand Context

 

GLOBAL SWITCH TO A MORE PLANT-BASED DIET BY 2050 WOULD LEAD TO HEALTHCARE-RELATED SAVINGS AND AVOIDED CLIMATE DAMAGES OF $1.5 TRILLION (US)

Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Co-benefits of Dietary Change

 

TRANSITIONING TOWARD MORE PLANT-BASED DIETS COULD REDUCE GLOBAL FOOD-RELATED GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY UP TO 70%. 

Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Co-benefits of Dietary Change

 

TRANSITIONING TOWARD MORE PLANT-BASED DIETS COULD REDUCE GLOBAL MORTALITY BY UPTO 10%

Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Co-benefits of Dietary Change

 

GLOBAL SWITCH TO A VEGETARIAN DIET WOULD SAVE 7.3 MILLION LIVES, WHEREAS A GLOBAL SWITCH TO A VEGAN DIET WOULD SAVE UP TO 8.1 MILLION LIVES PER YEAR BY 2050

Analysis and Valuation of the Health and Climate Change Co-benefits of Dietary Change

 

TO MEET CLIMATE TARGETS BY 2030, NEW ZEALAND GOVERNMENT SHOULD INITIATE A MORE SUSTAINABLE FORM OF AGRICULTURE BY PROMOTING, SUPPORTING AND DEVELOPING A TRANSITION FROM DAIRY FARMING TO PROTEIN CROP GROWING 

Andrew Duncan – Key Take-Aways from the Green Protein Report

 

DAIRY FARMING TO PUMPKIN

Cannock Harvest

 

DAIRY FARMING TO HEMP

Larry’s Gold

 

DAIRY FARMING TO ORGANIC VEGETABLES

Cameron Family Farms

 

Reports at a Glance

 

EAT-Lancet Commission on Healthy Diets from Sustainable Food Systems

Opportunities in Plant Based Foods – Protein - The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd

Environment Aotearoa 2019

IATP: Emissions Impossible - How big meat and dairy are heating up the planet  

IATP: Milking the Planet: How Big Dairy is Heating Up the Planet and Hollowing Rural Communities

The Green Protein Report: Meeting New Zealand’s Climate Change Targets by 2030 through Reduced Reliance on Animal Agriculture

RethinkX: Rethinking Food and Agriculture Report  

Reducing food's Environmental Impacts through Producers and Consumers

Food Climate Research Network: Grazed and Confused

United Nations 2020 Report: Preventing the Next Pandemic: Zoonotic diseases and how to break the chain of transmission

Fonterra Co-Operative Group Limited Sustainability Report for the year ending 31 July 2019